Contact Us
Animal & Range Sciences Extension Service
P.O. Box 172900
Bozeman, MT 59717
Tel: (406) 994–3721
Fax: (406) 994–5589
Location: 119 Linfield

MSU Extension Service
Doug Steele, Vice Provost & Director
(406) 994–6647

Forage Extension Program

What is Forage Quality?

Forage quality is the ability of pasture or a harvested forage to produce a desired livestock response. Specific levels of forage quality are required for different classes of livestock, seasons and conditions. In Montana, forage quality is critical for winter diets of bred or lactating livestock, during spring and summer for fast gains and breeding, and in the fall for continuous gains of replacement females. Slight adjustments in grazing or hay management can pay be very effective in improving forage quality and animal performance.

Links about forage quality Time to Test Your Hay! PDF
Alfalfa Hay Quality Testing. 4-page overview of forage quality in Montana (MT9302) PDF
Understanding Forage Quality. 16-page color review of forage quality in US (American Farm Bureau Federation Publication 1-01) PDF
Where do I send hay or forage samples? Current list of National Forage Testing Association labs PDF
Articles about forage Quality Easy Field Method for Predicting Hay Quality at First Harvest: The Montana Haywatch Program HTML